Table of Contents
Fiber

Fiber (also called roughage or bulk) is found naturally in many foods. It adds extra bulk to your foods by expanding like a sponge when eaten. This can help prevent overeating, and decrease hunger between meals.

Fiber has many health benefits. It helps prevent constipation that may be caused by the medicines you are taking. It also helps lower blood cholesterol and triglycerides. Fiber also can help lower blood sugar for people with diabetes.

Because many high-fiber foods are also high in potassium and phosphorus, the renal patient must be careful when choosing foods that are a good source or fiber. The list below contains higher fiber foods that are lower in potassium and phosphorus and are safe for you to eat every day.

Tips for Preventing Constipation

          • Eat all the fruits and vegetables planned for you each day in your diet.
          • Drink all the fluid planned for you in your diet.
          • Exercise can be helpful in alleviating constipation. Ask your doctor about what type of exercise is right for you.
          • Begin adding high-fiber foods to your daily intake, but do so slowly. Increasing fiber too quickly may cause gas, bloating and cramps.
          • Try to include at least one high-fiber food from this list with every meal.
          • If these suggestions fail, try using powdered cellulose such as Unifiber as a dietary supplement.

Higher Fiber Fruits (Count each as 1 fruit serving on your meal plan)

Higher Fiber Vegetables (Count each as 1 vegetable serving on your meal plan)

Fresh apple with skin

1 small

Raw cabbage

cup

Fresh blackberries

cup

Raw carrot

1 small

Fresh blueberries

cup

Raw celery stalk

1

Fresh cherries

cup

Fresh cucumber

cup

Fresh grapefruit

small

Raw sweet green pepper

cup

Fresh grapes

15

Lettuce, all kinds

1 cup

Fresh pear with skin

1 small

Radish

cup

Fresh plum with skin

1 medium

Raw zucchini

cup

Fresh raspberries

cup

Fresh strawberries

cup

Fresh tangerine

1 small

Higher Fiber Starches (Count each as 1 starch serving on your meal plan)

Quaker Crunchy Corn Bran

cup

Wheatena

cup, cooked

Ralston Wheat Chex

cup

Ralston 100% Milled Wheat hot cereal

cup

General Mills Wheaties

cup

Brown rice

cup, cooked

Quaker or Nabisco Shredded Wheat

1 biscuit

Unsalted, Microwave popcorn

1 cups

Quaker Oats

cup cooked

Vitamins