STARTED ON YOUR RENAL DIET
your kidneys no longer work properly, waste products and fluids
build up in your blood. Dialysis takes over the work load of your
kidneys by removing these things from your blood. Waste products
and fluids build up in your body between dialysis, so it's important
that you control the amounts and types of foods and fluids you
take in everyday.
you receive an individualized diet plan from the dietitian at
your dialysis center, here are some general guidelines to follow:
should not be added to your food. To season foods use herbs
and non-salt type spices. Mrs. Dash®, onion and garlic powder,
lemon and vinegar are good choices. Avoid salt substitutes-they're
loaded with potassium.
to include 2-3 servings of high quality protein foods daily
(lean meat, fish, poultry and eggs). One serving is 3 ounces.
Limit to a total of 8 ounces daily. Natural cheeses such as
cheddar, Swiss and colby may be used in small amounts. Avoid
processed cheeses (American, Velveeta) and salted, canned and
cured meats (Spam). Regular tuna can be used if rinsed under
running water for two minutes to reduce the sodium.
milk, yogurt, ice cream or sherbet to just one 1/2 cup serving
a day. Nondairy creamers such as Coffee Rich® or Mocha Mix®
(up to one cup per day) can be used in addition to milk.
nuts, peanut butter, dried beans, seeds and lentils. These foods
are high in potassium and phosphorus and they make more waste
products in your blood.
no more than 3 fruit servings each day. One serving is 1/2 cup
or 1 medium fresh fruit. Choose from the list of low potassium
vegetables to 2 servings each day. One serving is 1/2 cup cooked
or 1 cup tossed salad. Use the low potassium vegetables listed.
tortillas and Ano salt added@ type crackers can be used in moderation.
Stay away from the salty snack foods such as pretzels and chips.
Avoid bran cereals: they are high in potassium. Cream of wheat,
oatmeal and plain dry cereals can be used.
margarine, mayonnaise, and oils for cooking can be used liberally.
Unless you are diabetic, use sugar, honey and syrup for added
energy and calories.
Limit fluids to 6 cups or 48 ounces per day (8 ounces = 1 cup).
Fluids such as water, coffee, tea, lemonade, carbonated beverages
and cranberry juice are okay to use - just watch your limit!
Foods that melt at room temperature such as ice, ice cream and
jello also need to be counted as fluid.
If you are diabetic, continue to eat meals and snacks at regular
times and avoid concentrated sweets. For insulin reactions don=t
use orange juice, it=s high in potassium! Cranberry juice is
a better choice.
scrambled egg ______________________
slices toast with margarine ______________________
cup strawberries ______________________
cup milk ______________________
cup coffee ______________________
sandwich: 2 oz turkey, ______________________
slices bread, lettuce & mayonnaise ______________________
cup coleslaw ______________________
cup grapes ______________________
cup iced tea with lemon ______________________
oz grilled pork chop ______________________
cup rice ______________________
cup green beans with onion and basil ______________________
cup applesauce ______________________
roll and margarine ______________________
cup water with lemon ______________________
cup tuna salad ______________________
No salt added crackers ______________________
meats served without sauces or gravies. Broiled steaks, hamburgers,
roast beef, prime rib, baked or grilled fish, chicken or turkey
are all fine to eat. Avoid hot dogs and cold cuts like pastrami
are a good choice
food should be served without avocados, beans, sour cream or
fresh tomatoes. Fajitas, tacos, meat filled burritos and beef
or chicken enchiladas are your best selections.
small house salad without tomatoes and served with oil and vinegar
dressing is fine or try one serving of a cooked vegetable without
white, rye, sourdough, French or Italian bread. English muffins
and bagels are OK as is plain rice, plain noodles or mashed
potatoes. Plain hot and dry cereals are also good choices.
foods to try include plain pasta with butter or oil and meats
served without cream or tomato sauces (Veal Marsala for example).
food should be made without any MSG (ask your server) and extra
soy sauce should be avoided. Try not to order any food served